What Are The Different Types of Wood Species?

Jul 28, 2020

Many homeowners who are looking to install hardwood floors are curious as to what type of wood species they should be using. There are a huge variety of different types of wood, and they all have their pros and cons. Here are the most popular wood floors used in hardwood flooring.


Walnut is a softer wood species, and generally has a fine, straight grain. Homeowners tend to like the natural color of Walnut floors, an almost chocolate brown color with a very warm look to it. Walnut flooring can be character grade as well, showing knots and other grain variations. It’s great if you don’t have to worry about kids or pets!

White Oak and Red Oak

Red Oak is the most popular domestic wood species for hardwood floors. It had moderate to heavy graining as well as some color variations. It ranges from light reddish pinks to shades of brown. Red Oak differs from white oak due to the pink undertones. White oak is similar to red oak, but it is a harder wood. It has great durability and stability, with colors ranging from golden browns with gray undertones.


Hickory is one of the hardest wood species and its popularity is due to its natural color variation and natural graining. It can range from creamy whites to medium browns.  Narrow strips of hickory can look a little busy because of the graining and variation, so it is most popular in wider planks.  Think rustic farmhouse!


Maple is a pale and creamy white color with shade differences from board to board. It can contain minimal to a lot of brown/blackish mineral streaks depending on the grade chosen. Clear grade Maple has the least streaking and is very popular due to its durability. Maple flooring is known as well for being an extremely hard wood species.

To learn more about these and other types of wood species, contact the flooring experts at Signature Hardwood Floors to help you determine which type of hardwood flooring is best for you and your home. You can call us at 410.415.0755 or click here today! You can also follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn!